The Singapore High Court in its decision in Re Vanguard dated 9 June 2015 dealt with the interesting issue on whether to approve a litigation funding arrangement in insolvency.
It is common in the winding up of a company, there may not be enough money left in the company for the liquidator to fund litigation. This litigation in turn could successfully lead to more assets being paid back to the company, for the benefit of the general pool of creditors. The liquidator may therefore need to obtain funding to fuel this litigation.
This may then sail dangerously close to breaching the common law doctrines of maintenance and champerty. Maintenance is the giving of assistance to a party in litigation by a party who has no interest in the litigation while champerty is the maintenance of an action in exchange of getting a share of the proceeds. These common law doctrines, still existing here in Malaysia, are meant to protect the purity of litigation.